As for the human tracks found on trilobites here at Antelope Springs, they are most likely fracture anomalies, because this is a marine deposit with no terrestrial fossils. These animals are deep water species. Also, the two humanoid impressions were in loose black shale. To prove a track is genuine requires two or three impressions.
NO EVIDENCE OF TRILOBITE PREDATORS
Evolutionists claim that these exoskeletons are molts. If they are molts, or if they are dead trilobites, scavengers would eat them. In fact, when animals molt they eat their own molts for recycled nutrition, which they need or they will die. I have seen hundreds of thousands of these trilobites and billions of parts and I have never seen even a single nibble on them! They are always complete parts or complete exoskeletons. This proves they did not die naturally.Also, some are preserved with soft parts proving they none of them are molts.
Also trilobite trackways have been found elsewhere in some underwater surface layers showing they were walking around.
It is common to find Eocene fish fossils in the Wyoming Green River Formation showing no signs of predation, but they do show signs of suffocation with their pectoral fins outstretched, and their mouths wide open gasping for air.
Notice the wide open mouth and extended dorsal fin. This shows the fish was suffocating in the heavy silt.
Another with its mouth open.
Mouth open and its pectoral fin extended showing suffocation.
Another with dorsal fin extended and mouth open. Fossil fish are commonly found in this condition. These fossils were deposited as the water receded after the Flood leaving them in Post Flood lakes.
Also, several fossil carnivorous fish Diplomystu have been found trying to swallow the more common smaller herbivorous fish Knightia (This fish is a fossil herring) in this same deposit, found above the dinosaur deposits over many states with no dinosaurs. This deposit appears to be a remnant of the water left behind after the flood that buried the dinosaurs below them.
Here are a few fossil fish swallowing fish showing they were buried alive in the thick silt that formed the shale.
As for Flood deposits, I remember a photo of a three dimensional fish in nodules from the Cretaceous Santana Formation in Brazil some with a half swallowed smaller fish hanging out of its mouth. Fossils in this deposit are not flattened like typical fish and leaf fossils in shale.
This is not the one I am referring to which I saw in a book. It is another one from the same Cretaceous Santana Formation in Brazil.This deposit includes at least one pterodactyl flying reptile found in the stomach of a fish, so this identifies it as a deposit during the Flood event, possibly during the early stages of the receding Flood waters. And indicates that the other fossil fish above mainly from the Green River Post-Flood Eocene are later Flood runoff remnants.
Knightia herring are assumed to be extinct in the Eocene; however they look identical to the herring found in identical shale in the Miocene strata all over Orange County and Los Angeles. These fish are Clupeiformes the order of ray-finned fish that includes the herring family, Clupeidae. Since the water runoff from the Colorado River goes from Wyoming to California and other deposits in the Cenozoic appear to be Post-Flood Pleistocene which includes the Eocene, as a creation scientist I suspect that the Eocene fish deposit in Wyoming is part of the Miocene fish deposit in California! And an identical fossil fish deposit is found in three sites in Lebanon, one of these is a Cretaceous Late Flood deposit, the others are Post-Flood.
BuriedTreasureFossils.com states the Wyoming fish, “The Diplomystus was a carnivorous fish which feed on the Knightia based on many examples found inside their stomachs.”
By the way, from the Flood deposit of Cretaceous three dimensional fossil fish in Brazil there is a pterodactyl, the small flying reptile, found in the stomach of one large fish.
Maisey, J.G., Rutzky, I., Blum, S. & W. Elvers (1991): Laboratory Preparation Techniques. In Maisey, j:G. (ed): Santana Fossils: An Illustrated Atlas, Tfh Pubns Inc.ISBN 0866225498. pp 99–103tell us,
In the lower Cretaceous strata, “The Santana Formation earns the designation of Lagerstätte due to an exceedingly well preserved and diverse fossil faunal assemblage. Some 25 species of fossil fishes are often found with stomach contents preserved, enabling paleontologists to study predator-prey relationships in this ecosystem. There are also fine examples of pterosaurs, reptiles and amphibians, invertebrates (particularly insects), and plants. Even dinosaurs are represented…”
The fact that aquatic animals are always found in terrestrial deposits with terrestrial animals further confirms that all fossils were buried by water and mud flows of volcanic ash mixed sediment, Bentonite.
One of these insects is my favorite, because I raise crickets as pets. The photo of this cricket shows it has not evolved since the Cretaceous supposedly 92 million years ago according to evolution speculation. A cricket usually lives less than one year, although if they can find a warm house, or better, someone to make them a home and provide warmth, water and food, their life span can be lengthened. Since they reach maturity and start laying eggs in 3 months that means there have been 276 million generations since this fossil cricket.
This is a typical domestic cricket like I raise in my terrarium.
Looking at cricket’s generation after generation for 8 years I saw no changes in them. And comparing the fossil cricket to mine, I see no discernable difference! This is one of the observations that have plagued paleontologists; it is called stasis, no change. They have noted sudden appearances of new organisms in the fossil record, and stasis afterwards. I made the same observations Marble Mountains trilobite site in a lecture at Loma Linda University, and pointed it out to a militant evolutionist, who refused to accept it. Later, I heard other scientists including Dr. Stephen J. Gould had observed this fact. I showed the evolutionist that the trilobites at Marble Mountains suddenly appear in the red shale over limestone, then remain the same to the top of the strata, then disappear. The only differences were size sorting; at different sites on the mountain. Also, different layers sometimes have larger or smaller specimens. This shows deposition sorting by moving water.
MACRO NOR MICRO EVOLUTION PRODUCES CHANGE
The fossil record shows no change over time (no transitional fossils). The rock record has organisms that are either extinct which are totally different from those living today, or they are identical. This evidence has falsified macro evolution of slime to man, simple to complex. As for micro evolution, which has been called adaptation, I have found that even though some creation scientists have accepted it, I have found that all of these hybrids are produced by man. For example, different kinds of dogs, cats, cows, horses, etc. These hybrids are not observed in nature. However, some kinds survive in different environments, and others do not.
TERRESTRIAL FOSSILS SURROUNDED BY AQUATIC FOSSILS
Common articulated freshwater Unio clams, are found all around dinosaur fossils, in Utah and Arizona, and elsewhere that I observed. The same fact was noted by Cummins, R., 1994, Taphonomic processes in modern freshwater molluscan death assemblages: implications for the freshwater fossil record: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology,Palaeoecology, vol. 108, pp. 55–73.)
SOFT TISSUE PRESERVATION IS COMMON IN FOSSILS
I first noticed the fact that some fossil bones are preserved when I saw chalk on a dinosaur bone fragment I had, and also when I discovered that a marine reptile flipper carpel bone I had still smelled like real bone when wet. Mary Anning in the early 1800s England discovered a fossil with an intact eye ring which still had the original eye color. In Lebanon an octopus fossil still had visible ink.
Hillary Mayell for National Geographic News March 24, 2005 T-rex Soft Tissue Found Preserved says,
"To my knowledge, preservation to this extent—where you still have original flexibility and transparency—has not been noted in dinosaurs before, so we're pretty excited by the find," said Mary H. Schweitzer, a paleontologist at North Carolina State University in Raleigh.”Since then it has been found that it is fairly common. In fact, they have found by closer observation that there is still the ruminants of skin and internal organs still preserved with some original cells in and around what was believed to be only skeletons of dinosaurs, as well as collagen in the bones!
Nature News Apr 30, 2009 and June 14, 2011. Paleontologist Ed Yong – found Age-defying dinosaur collagen protein in fossilized Hadrosaur bone... For some mysterious reason these articles were removed from the Internet.
CARBON 14 PROVES DINOSAURS ARE ONLY THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD
Often amateurs among the public will say that Carbon 14 proves dinosaurs are millions of years old. They don’t realize that Carbon 14 only dates recent archaeological organic substances that are thousands of years old. Carbon 14 has a half life of 5,730 years, and can date only organic carbon substances up to 58 to 62 thousand years using the new AMS method. After that it is totally gone. Other methods like uranium are used to date volcanic rocks in millions of years.
A researcher, Hugh Miller works with a group of scientists who are finding Carbon 14 in most dinosaur bones from all over the world. See their published paper below. They have been dating dinosaur bones using Carbon 14 dating methods which give them an average date of 40 thousand years, the age of the Pleistocene asphalt seeps in L.A. according to evolutionists. The fact is there should be NO Carbon 14 left to detect if they are millions of years old. Even these Carbon 14 ages have been stretched because of the increase in incoming cosmic rays over time. Thus the dates have to be corrected to about 5 thousand years old; the date of the Flood of Noah.
ORGANIC MOLECULES ARE LIKE RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES THEY BREAK DOWN OVER TIME
Organic remains are similar to radioactive substances in that they breakdown over time, and can be used to give a relative date. And observation proves these substances only last thousands of years not millions.
www.varchive.org/ce/c14.htm Suess explained the phenomenon by the fact that the increased industrial use of carbon effects dating... it is claimed that the influx of cosmic rays varied over time also.
Sep 28, 2009 - "In 2009, cosmic ray intensities have increased 19% beyond anything we've seen in the past 50 years," says Richard Mewaldt of Caltech.In 1952 W. F. Libby invented Carbon 14 dating for recent organic archaeological finds then:
“But as the method was refined, it started to show rather regular anomalies. First, it was noticed that, when radiocarbon dated, wood grown in the 20th century appears more ancient than wood grown in the 19th century. Suess explained the phenomenon by the fact that the increased industrial use of fossil carbon in coal and in oil changed the ratio between the dead carbon C12 and the C14 (radiocarbon) in the atmosphere and therefore also in the biosphere.”
A fact evolutionists do not consider is, that after the Flood the atmospheric shield collapsed allowing an increase in Cosmic rays increasing the radioactive Carbon 14 which had been screened out before the Flood. Also, there appears to have been a burst of radiation during the Post-Flood Pleistocene Dryas.
Paleontologists have been puzzled by the survival of collagen and soft tissue in many dinosaur bones because, like radioactive decay, collagen and soft flesh cannot survive for millions of years. It breaks down at a known rate. A group of researchers have found the answer. The bones are not 65 million years old, or older. Carbon-14 (C-14) dating of multiple samples of bone from 8 dinosaurs from Texas, Alaska, Colorado, and Montana revealed that they are only 22 to 39 thousand years old. Since dinosaurs are thought to be over 65 million years old, the news is stunning. The atheistic evolutionists cannot accept this fact, but cannot disprove it either. After this information was presented at the AOGS-AGU conference in Singapore, the abstract was removed from the conference website by two chairmen because they could not accept the findings. Unwilling to challenge the data, they erased the report from public view without a word to the authors or even to the AOGS officers, until an investigation was started. The abstract won't be restored till the investigation is completed. Which means never.
CORRECTING CARBON-14 DATES
Creation scientists have discovered that dinosaurs date to the time of the Flood about 5 thousand years ago using Carbon 14. How can dinosaurs be only 5 thousand years old, if this method dates them as at least 23 thousand? Dinosaur bones are dated by Carbon 14 at an average of between 23 and 40 thousand years. For Carbon 14 to be accurate it must have reached a constant, equilibrium. The atmosphere must contain the same amount of radioactive Carbon today as it did in the past, but it does not. Today it is increasing due to nuclear weapons testing and factories releasing carbon into the atmosphere. And the ancient atmosphere had less due to the vapor shield before the Flood. PhysicsWorld.com says the Carbon clock could be wrong. Also, if the earth was covered by water as the Bible says, it would cause an increase in Carbon 14 from the atmosphere. These facts would result in age determinations to be too high.
Another factor involving Carbon-14 is the fact that the magnetic field of the earth has been decreasing, which means in the past it was stronger and
deflected more cosmic rays which strike Nitrogen 14 to form radioactive Carbon 14 in the atmosphere. This would also inflate the age.
Secular scientist David Lowe (1989), "Problems associated with the use of coal as a source of C14-free background material". Official journal:
Radiocarbon 31 (2): 117–120.
“Most man-made chemicals are made of fossil fuels, such as petroleum or coal, in which the carbon-14 should have long since decayed. However, such deposits often contain trace amounts of carbon-14 (varying significantly, but ranging up to 1% the ratio found
in living organisms, a concentration comparable to an apparent age of 40,000).”
There should be no background radiation found in dinosaurs, and other fossils millions of years old. This residual radiation is explained away as background radiation is false, it is simply an ad hoc explanation for radiation that should not exist. This is the same results creation scientists are getting from dinosaur bones and other fossils and confirms they are right. Any traces of Carbon 14 should not exist, unless the specimen is only thousands of years old!
PROOF DINOSAURS ARE THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD
The researchers presented their findings at the 2012 Western Pacific Geophysics meeting in Singapore, August 13-17, 2012, a conference of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS).
Carbon-dating dinosaur bones www.newgeology.us/Dinosaur% 20bones%20dated%20by%20Carbon-1... Dinosaur bones have been dated by radiocarbon (Carbon-14) http://www.dinosaurc14ages.com/carbondating.htm.
Carbon-14 has to be corrected by known increases in Carbon 14 and 12, however, it is the most reliable radioactive dating method known, better than Carbon 14s accuracy as a technique has been verified by using C-14 to date some historical artifacts accurately, whose age is known. Other methods like Potassium-argon, Rubidium-strontium, Uranium-thorium, etc. have been used to date samples from Mt Saint Helens known to be from the May 18, 1980 eruption and they come back dated as millions of years old!
The big difference between Carbon 14 dating and other radioactive dating methods dates organic matter, while all the other methods date only volcanic rock that is found with, or lava above or below the fossil being dated.
The fact that they use these methods which require volcanic rocks to date the rocks proves volcanic upheaval is always found in relation to fossils.
Carbon 14 only dates organic matter and has a half life of 5,730 plus/minus 40 years.
Radioactive carbon 14 can be dated back to 40 to 50 thousand years old. The new AMS method pushes it back to a limit of 58 to 62 thousand years. All other methods date volcanic rock in millions of years. The recent dates of radioactive carbon can be checked against historical dates. But the other methods all date in millions of years and cannot be checked. But when older methods are used on radioactive volcanic rock from recent eruptions the method always dates the sample as millions of years old proving they are totally useless for dating, and are only used to give credibility to preconceived evolutionary dates!
SECULAR RESEARCH AGREES WITH CREATION SCIENCE RESULTS
Researchers at the University of North Carolina published research in The Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology by Tarbuck & Lutgens, pp. 55-57, (1987).
“We see that there are at least two kinds of magma, and Uranium and Thorium get carried along in silica rich magma rather than in basaltic magma. This represents major fractionation. Of course, any process that tends to concentrate or deplete uranium or thorium relative to lead would have an influence on the radiometric ages computed by uranium-lead or thorium-lead dating. Also, the fact that there are two kids of magma could mean that the various radiometric ages are obtained by mixing of these kinds of magma in different proportions, and do not represent true ages at all.”
“There are quite a number of mechanisms in operation in a magma chamber. I count at least three so far -- sorting by density, sorting by melting point, and sorting by how easily something is incorporated into minerals that form at the top of a magma chamber. Then you have to remember that sometimes one has repeated melting and solidification, introducing more complications. There is also a fourth mechanism -- differences in solubility. How anyone can keep track of this all is a mystery to me, especially with the difficulties encountered in exploring magma chambers. These will be definite factors that will change relative concentrations of parent and daughter isotopes in some way, and call into question the reliability of radiometric dating. In fact, I think this is a very telling argument against radiometric dating.”
“Another possibility to keep in mind is that lead becomes gaseous at low temperatures, and would be gaseous in magma if it were not for the extreme pressures deep in the earth. It also becomes very mobile when hot. These processes could influence the distribution of lead in magma chambers.”
These conclusions support my observations that the predominate rhyolitic volcanic ash in the Mesozoic strata, would date older than predominate Cenozoic basaltic volcanic ash because of its composition rather than its age!
CONFERENCE CONFIRMS RESULTS AND SKEPTICS SURPRESS THE INFORMATION
Dr. Thomas Seiler, a physicist from Germany, gave the presentation at the conference of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS) in Singapore on the C-14 dating of dinosaur bones.
He says that his team and the laboratories they employed took special care to avoid contamination. That included protecting the samples, avoiding cracked areas in the dinosaur bones, and meticulous pre-cleaning of the samples with chemicals to remove contaminants. Knowing that small concentrations of collagen can attract contamination, they compared precision Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) tests of collagen and bioapatite (hard carbonate bone mineral) with conventional counting methods of large bone fragments from the same dinosaurs. “Comparing such entirely different molecules as minerals and organics from the same bone region, we obtained concordant C-14 signals which were well below the upper limits of C-14 dating. These, together with many other remarkable signal concordances between samples from different fossils, geographic regions and stratigraphic positions make random contamination as origin of the C-14 signals unlikely”, he notes. “If dinosaur bones are 65 million years old, there should not be one atom of C-14 left in them.”
SECULAR PALEONTOLGIST CONFIRMS DINOSAUR FLESH PRESERVED IN PETRIFIED FOSSILS
Many dinosaur bones are not fossilized. Dr. Mary Schweitzer, associate professor of marine, earth, and atmospheric sciences at North Carolina State University states,...
“Many dinosaur bones are not fossilized. Dr. Mary Schweitzer, associate professor of marine, earth, and atmospheric sciences at North Carolina State University, surprised scientists in 2005 when she reported finding soft tissue in dinosaur bones. She started a firestorm of controversy in 2007 and 2008 when she reported that she had sequenced proteins in the (T-rex) dinosaur bone. Critics charged that the findings were mistaken or that what she called soft tissue was really biofilm produced by bacteria that had entered from outside the bone. Schweitzer answered the challenge by testing with antibodies. Her report in 2009 confirmed the presence of collagen and other proteins that bacteria do not make. Also in 2009, the team of Dr. Phil Wilby discovered a fossilized squid that contained a sac of ink so well-preserved that it could be used in a pen for writing, found in rock that is considered to be 150 million years old (Note: Late Jurassic dinosaur strata). In 2011, a Swedish team found soft tissue and biomolecules in the bones of a Mosasaur, a large marine reptile that swam in shallow ocean waters. Schweitzer herself has no explanation of how these organic materials could survive when they should be totally degraded. That is, if they are over 65 million years old.”
Carbon-14 “…combined with the discovery of soft tissue indicate that something is very wrong.”
The AOGS-AGU assembly claims they encourage the presentation of reliable data even though the topic may be controversial. “ This is a very wise policy for the advancement of science and the education of people everywhere" agreed Dr. Jean de Pontcharra, one of ten co-authors and an atomic physicist recently retired from the Grenoble Research Center of the French Atomic Energy Commission, and Professor Dr. Robert Bennett, physicist and coauthor. "Thus, we encourage our colleagues to do their own carbon dating of dinosaur bones from museums and university fossil repositories around the world, as well as testing for C-14 in scrapings from dinosaur bones as they are excavated. We are anxious to see their results presented, just as we have done.” This is the policy of science, to test and retest results to confirm or refute results. And sometimes the freedom of speech and the press has to be called in. “Also, we call on the news media and citizens everywhere to urge paleontologists, curators, university faculty, and government scientific agencies to encourage and support further testing for C-14 content in dinosaur remains. Scientists need to know the actual chronology of the Earth and the age of the fossils."
In spite of this, the results were removed from their web site.
Serialized from Mysteries of History Revealed Part 1
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