I did a research paper on this subject many decades ago in Mysteryology Magazine sold in classifieds in Science Digest. The Wise Men were descendants of those who were converted to belief in the one true God by Daniel in Babylon. They were Magi, the scientists of their day. In fact you could say they were the first creation scientists. Daniel had taught them the original meaning of the constellations they were studying. Genesis 1:14, “And let them be for signs and for seasons,” and to measure time. Daniel showed them that the stars were created to be prophetic signs of the Messiah’s birth. The fact that he had revealed the King’s dreams without being told the dreams proved to them that the Creator had given Daniel his wisdom and knowledge. Much of their previous knowledge was corrupted by belief in the Mysteries of Isis just as they are corrupted today by New Age Doctrine and Ancient Astronaut Theories of Theistic Evolution.
Centuries later descendants of the magi saw the conjunction of planets in Virgo the Virgin they ignored their occult speculation and myths and followed Daniel’s explanation or their true meaning as the Gospel in the Stars as God intended for signs of prophesied events. Early in the morning 3 BC the Magi saw the “star” rising in the east, the “morning star.” In Revelation Jesus says of himself, “I am the root and offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.” The apostle Peter tells us Jesus was symbolically associated with “the day star.”
The 1st century Christians knew the stars had symbolic messianic meanings. Isaiah said, “The Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.” This prophecy refers to the rising of the morning star, the Pagans changed its name to Venus. It is the “morning” or “day” star. Luke, refers to the celestial symbolism of Isaiah 60:3 which spoke of God as being “the daybreak [the rising] from on high that hath visited us, to give light to them that sit in darkness.”
August 12, 3 BC Jupiter (another Pagan name) rose at the same time 20 minutes before day break in conjunction with Venus. Jupiter is symbolic of a King is born from the Father, and Venus the Son. The Christian Magi would reinterpret the Pagan Astrology into its true meaning that God the Father had sent his Son. While this conjunction was occurring, the Sun (the Supreme Father), the Moon (considered a Mother), and Mercury (the Messenger of the gods) were all located in the constellation of Leo, the Lion. Christians called Jesus, “the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David.”
So was the Bethlehem Star a conjunction of planets? No, a genuine star cannot lead nor stand over the house where Jesus was. The Magi traveled for two years to find Jesus. And there were three symbolic gifts, but there were more than three wise men. The star that led them was an angel. We would call it an Unidentified Object which led them for 2 years and disappeared then reappeared and stood over the place where Jesus was.